Published: November 2, 2010
The personal and official papers of a high-ranking British diplomat who participated in the Treaty of Paris (1783‸4) with the American colonies that formally ended the Revolutionary War, are now an essential part of the archives of the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan.
The papers from the Sir Henry Strachey Collection were purchased October 15 at Sotheby’s auction of the James S. Copley Library. Bill Reese of William Reese Company acted as agent for the Clements Library.
“It is rare today to see a large collection of American Revolution manuscripts come on the market,” said J. Kevin Graffagnino, director of the Clements Library. “Adding the Strachey material to the voluminous primary sources already at the Clements makes the library even more attractive as a destination for all researchers working on Revolutionary War topics.”
Strachey held several prominent posts in the British government. Specifically, the Strachey papers document his participation in the negotiations for peace between the colonies and England in 1775‱776 and during the talks that led to the 1783 Treaty of Paris. The papers, according to Graffagnino, give a perspective from the British side, at the highest level of strategy and diplomacy. John Adams, Benjamin Franklin and John Jay represented the colonies at the negotiations, conducted in Paris.
Strachey’s papers, said Graffagnino, also shed light on English investments in North America and the social history of the late Eighteenth Century.
In the next several months, the Strachey papers will be available for the first time to the public. The archives are open to the public and scholars researching the seminal events, personalities and issues of formation of the United States.
The Clements Library houses original resources for the study of American history and culture from the Fifteenth through the Nineteenth Centuries. Its mission is to collect and preserve primary source materials, to make them available for research and to create an environment that supports and encourages scholarly investigation of America’s past.
“In purchasing the Strachey papers, we have closed the book on an acquisitions hunt that began more than 70 years ago,” said Graffagnino. He noted that Randolph G. Adams, first director of the Clements, saw the Strachey collection in England in the late 1920s but was unable to persuade Henry Strachey’s descendants to part with them.
According to Graffagnino, the Clements Library bought half of the papers at auction in 1982. The other half went to the Copley Foundation six years later.
“Now the two halves are reunited, making a rich array of unpublished material on Anglo-American relations and events of the American Revolution,” he said.
The William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan, is at 909 South University Avenue. For information, 734-358-9770 or www.umich.edu .
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